The History of Villa Raffaelli
From medieval fortification to nineteenth-century villa
History from the 1800s
The Republic of Lucca lost its independence first under the French Empire then under the Austrian Empire: it became Duchy of Lucca and in 1847 it was annexed to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. The Duke Carlo Lodovico di Borbone was on excellent terms with the Marchesa Giulia and her husband Raffaello Raffaelli as evidenced by the correspondence with the Duke and the presence in the library of the villa of a book called de Canti per le “Auguste nozze di sua maestà Duca Carlo di Borbone e sua altezza reale la principessa Maria Teresa di Savoia”.